COMPARATIVE GENERIC ANALYSIS OF DISCUSSIONS OF ENGLISH AND PERSIAN COMPUTER RESEARCH ARTICLES
The main purpose of this study is to explore and examine the rhetorical structure of Iranian and English computer research articles (RAs) discussions by means of comparing move structures as presented in discussion sections of English and Persian computer RAs with the purpose of recognizing rhetorical preferences used by English and Persian authors in this particular area. To this end, 46 research articles written by native English writers and native Persian writers were analyzed based on Swales' (1990) Eight-Move Structure (EMS) to find out the conventions or moves of discussion sections. Frequency and Chi-square test were used to examine the difference between the two groups of discussion sections. The results of the study demonstrated that Move 1 "Background Information" and Move 2 "Statement of Results" were present in the majority of English RAs and they were identified as the most frequently used moves or "Conventional Moves", while only Move 2 "Statement of Results" was identified as the most frequently used move or "Conventional Move" in the Persian corpus. Moreover, the findings showed that the majority of RAs discussions across the two corpora were opened with Move 1 "Background Information". The findings of this study are hoped to add to the body of knowledge in the realm of ESP studies.